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自闭症患者认为他们的社会地位

编辑:admin 日期:2018-09-12

(c) Lance Hayashida

(c) Lance Hayashida

For most of us, many of the actions we undertake are made while taking into account how others perceive them。 Sociologists call it the “;theory of the mind”;, and it’;s the innate ability we have developed, as social beings, to form a personal social reputation –; basically, we care what other think of us and our actions。 Autistic individuals, however, don’;t have this ability so well developed, as researchers have observed and studied in a recently published ***** in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences。 

The researchers conducted a study in which participants were both people with and without autism。 Each of the participants were asked to donate a sum of money to UNICEF, in two phases。 In the first they had to donate a sum of money of their choosing when no one was looking at what they were doing, while in the second they had someone “;looking over their shoulder”;。 When they were watched, people donated more due to social considerations, while autistic participants donated the same amount。

“What we found in control participants—people without autism—basically replicated prior work。 People donated more when they were being watched by another person, presumably to improve their social reputation,” says Keise Izuma, a postdoctoral scholar at California Institute of Technology (Caltech) and first author of the study。

“By contrast, participants with autism gave the same amount of money regardless of whether they were being watched or not。 The effect wa****tremely clear。”

Alright, but were the autistic participants truly careless of their social reputation of simply ignorant of the presence of other people watching while they were donating the sum of money? To assess this highly important parameter, the researcher asked the both types of participants, with and without autism, to solve a ****** math test –; first alone, then in the presence of another。 Both sides performed better while being watched。